Install Let’s Encrypt to Create SSL Certificates

Install Let’s Encrypt to Create SSL Certificates

What is Let’s Encrypt

Let’s Encrypt is an SSL certificate authority managed by the Internet Security Research Group (ISRG). It utilizes the Automated Certificate Management Environment (ACME) to automatically deploy free SSL certificates that are trusted by nearly all major browsers.

Start Downloading and installing Let’s Encrypt

Download and Install Let’s Encrypt

  1. Install the git package:

    CentOS

     sudo yum install git

    Debian / Ubuntu

     sudo apt-get install git
  2. Download a clone of Let’s Encrypt from the official GitHub repository/opt is a common installation directory for third-party packages, so let’s install the clone to /opt/letsencrypt:
     sudo git clone https://github.com/letsencrypt/letsencrypt /opt/letsencrypt
  3. Navigate to the new /opt/letsencrypt directory:
     cd /opt/letsencrypt

    Create an SSL Certificate

    Let’s Encrypt automatically performs Domain Validation (DV) using a series of challenges. The Certificate Authority (CA) uses challenges to verify the authenticity of your computer’s domain. Once your Linode has been validated, the CA will issue SSL certificates to you.

    1. Run Let’s Encrypt with the --standalone parameter. For each additional domain name requiring a certificate, add -d example.com to the end of the command.
      sudo -H ./letsencrypt-auto certonly --standalone -d example.com -d www.example.com
      

      Note

      ACME version 2 now supports wildcard certificates for subdomains by using the DNS challenge. For more information on obtaining wildcards, visit the Let’s Encrypt documentation.
    2. When prompted, specify an administrative email address. This will allow you to regain control of a lost certificate and receive urgent security notices if necessary. Press ENTER or RETURN to save.
    3. Agree to the Terms of Service and specify if you would like to share your email address with EFF:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Please read the Terms of Service at
https://letsencrypt.org/documents/LE-SA-v1.2-November-15-2017.pdf. You must
agree in order to register with the ACME server at
https://acme-v01.api.letsencrypt.org/directory
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(A)gree/(C)ancel: a

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Would you be willing to share your email address with the Electronic Frontier
Foundation, a founding partner of the Let's Encrypt project and the non-profit
organization that develops Certbot? We'd like to send you email about EFF and
our work to encrypt the web, protect its users and defend digital rights.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(Y)es/(N)o: n


4 . If all goes well, a message similar to the one below will appear. Its appearance means Let’s Encrypt has approved and issued your certificates.

IMPORTANT NOTES:
 - Congratulations! Your certificate and chain have been saved at:
   /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/fullchain.pem
   Your key file has been saved at:
   /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/privkey.pem
   Your cert will expire on 2018-05-27. To obtain a new or tweaked
   version of this certificate in the future, simply run
   letsencrypt-auto again. To non-interactively renew *all* of your
   certificates, run "letsencrypt-auto renew"
 - If you like Certbot, please consider supporting our work by:

   Donating to ISRG / Let's Encrypt:   https://letsencrypt.org/donate
   Donating to EFF:                    https://eff.org/donate-le

 

Check Certificate Domains

  1. The output of the Let’s Encrypt script shows where your certificate is stored; in this case, /etc/letsencrypt/live:
    sudo ls /etc/letsencrypt/live
    example.com
  2. All of the domains you specified above will be covered under this single certificate. This can be verified as follows:
    ./certbot-auto certificates

 

Found the following certs:
  Certificate Name: example.com
    Domains: example.com www.example.com
    Expiry Date: 2018-05-27 20:49:02+00:00 (VALID: 89 days)
    Certificate Path: /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/fullchain.pem
    Private Key Path: /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/privkey.pem

Maintenance

Renew SSL Certificates

  1. Return to the /opt/letsencrypt directory:
     cd /opt/letsencrypt
  2. Execute the command you used in Step 1 of the Create an SSL Certificate section, adding the --renew-by-default parameter:
     sudo -H ./letsencrypt-auto certonly --standalone --renew-by-default -d example.com -d www.example.com
  3. After a few moments, a confirmation similar to the one below should appear:
    IMPORTANT NOTES:
     - Congratulations! Your certificate and chain have been saved at:
       /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/fullchain.pem
       Your key file has been saved at:
       /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/privkey.pem
       Your cert will expire on 2020-06-27. To obtain a new or tweaked
       version of this certificate in the future, simply run
       letsencrypt-auto again. To non-interactively renew *all* of your
       certificates, run "letsencrypt-auto renew"
     - If you like Certbot, please consider supporting our work by:
    
       Donating to ISRG / Let's Encrypt:   https://letsencrypt.org/donate
       Donating to EFF:                    https://eff.org/donate-le

     

Let’s Encrypt has refreshed the lifespan of your certificates; in this example, June 27, 2020  is the new expiration date.

Note

Let’s Encrypt certificates have a 90-day lifespan. According to Let’s Encrypt, this encourages automation and minimizes damage from key compromises. You can renew your certificates at any time during their lifespan

Automatically Renew SSL Certificates (Optional)

You can also automate certificate renewal. This will prevent your certificates from expiring, and can be accomplished with cron.

  1. The output of the previous command shows how to non-interactively renew all of your certificates:
    ./letsencrypt-auto renew
  2. Set this task to run automatically once per month using a cron job:
    sudo crontab -e

    Add the following line to the end of the crontab file:

    crontab
     
    0 0 1 * * /opt/letsencrypt/letsencrypt-auto renew

     

     

Update Let’s Encrypt

  1. Return to the /opt/letsencrypt directory:
     cd /opt/letsencrypt
  2. Download any changes made to Let’s Encrypt since you last cloned or pulled the repository, effectively updating it:
     sudo git pull

Automatically Update Let’s Encrypt (Optional)

You can also use cron to keep the letsencrypt-auto client up to date.

 sudo crontab -e
crontab
0 0 1 * * cd /opt/letsencrypt && git pull

Free Let’s Encrypt SSL certificates on Centos 6

How to create free ssl for website

For any query or issue, feel free to discuss on http://discuss.eduguru.in