How to Protect your computer from viruses and malware ?

what is computer virus :

computer viruses aim to disrupt systems, cause major operational issues, and result in data loss and leakage. A key thing to know about computer viruses is that they are designed to spread across programs and systems. In more technical terms, a computer virus is a type of malicious code or program written to alter the way a computer operates and is designed to spread from one computer to another. In the process, a virus has the potential to cause unexpected or damaging effects, such as harming the system software by corrupting or destroying data.

What is Malware :

Malware or malicious software, that is programmed to cause damage to a computer system, network, and hardware device. It is computer code designed to disrupt, disable or take control of your computer system. It comes in many forms, usually hidden in another file or disguised as a harmless app.

Difference Between Virus and Malware :

1. A Virus is a malicious executable code attached to another executable file which can be harmless or can modify or delete data. Malware is a program designed to gain access to computer systems, normally for the benefit of some third party, without the user’s permission.

2.Antivirus software are used for protection against viruses. Antimalware software are used for protection against malware.

3.Malware stands for malicious software. It is a software created to cause damage to your computer. Malwares are of four types : virus, trojan, backdoor and worms. Virus, is a type of malware that secretly intrudes in your computer system. Virus stands for vital information resources under seize.

4.Resident and Non -resident viruses are two types of Virus. Malware includes computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, ransomware, spyware and other malicious programs.

5.Virus is a type of Malware. Malware contains several programs; virus is one of them.

How to Protect your computer from viruses :

There are various types of way to protect your computer from viruses :

1.Install anti-virus software :

Anti-virus software actively scans for viruses trying to invade your email, system files, or operating system. Choose a quality software package, keeping in mind the reputation of the company and product, features of the software (e.g., daily updates), and compatibility with your computer.

2. Regularly update your computer system :

It is very important to run regular computer system updates to repair any bugs and abnormalities within the system. If you don’t allow system updates, the abnormalities and bugs that remain in your system can be exploited by hackers. Make sure you allow updates as they are released.

3. Research basics of computer security :

Computer security starts with the user. If your company does not have a security awareness program in place, it should be considered. Being properly educated can help employees understand how to properly protect their company’s computer network.

4.Use a pop-up blocker with your internet browser :

Pop-up windows are small browser windows that appear on top of the website you’re viewing. Although most are created by advertisers, they can also contain malicious or unsafe code. A pop-up blocker can prevent some or all of these windows from appearing. The pop-up blocker in Microsoft Edge is turned on by default. 

5.Use your internet browser’s privacy settings :

Some websites might try to use your personal info for targeted advertising, fraud, and identity theft. All modern browsers have privacy settings that you can enable to control what sites can see or do.

How to Protect your computer from Malware :

There are various types of way to protect your computer from Malware :

1.Keep your computer and software update :

Microsoft and Apple often release updates for their operating systems, and it’s a good idea to install these updates when they become available for your Windows and Mac computers. These updates often include fixes that can improve the security of your system. Some operating systems also offer automatic updates, so that you can automatically get updates soon after they’re available.

2.Limit Your file -sharing :

Some sites and applications allow you to easily share files with other users. Many of these sites and applications offer little protection against malware. If you exchange or download files using these file-sharing methods, be on the lookout for malware. They are look like in popular movie, album, game, or program.

3.Use antiviruses software :

f you need to download something, you should use an antivirus program to scan that download for malware before opening it. Antivirus software also allows you to scan your entire computer for malware. It’s a good idea to run regular scans of your computer to catch malware early and prevent it from spreading.

4. Antispyware software :

Spyware is software installed without your knowledge or consent that can monitor your online activities and collect personal information while you’re online. Some kinds of spyware, called keyloggers, record everything you key in—including your passwords and financial information. To avoid spyware in the first place, download software only from sites you know and trust. Make sure apps you install on a mobile device come from the Apple App Store for iPhones or Google Play for Android devices.

5. Responding to data breaches :

Even if you make all the right moves, your data may be stolen from a company you trusted to keep it safe. If you find that your personal information has been accessed without your authorization, take steps to protect yourself. Place a fraud alert on your credit file. Review your annual credit reports.

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