Instance Variables

  • The declaration of an instance variable is made inside the class. However, it is made outside the system, constructor or any scope.
  • Instance variables are made when an object is made with the utilization of the keyword “new” and obliterated when the item is destroyed.
  • When a space is dispensed for an item in the memory, an opening for each one variable value is made.
  • Instance variables can be pronounced in class level before or after utilization.
  • Instance variables hold values that must be referenced by more than one method, constructor or piece, or key parts of an object’s express that must be available all through the class.
  • Access modifiers can be given for sample variables.
  • Instance variables have default values. For numbers, the default quality is 0. However, for Booleans, it is false and for object references, it is invalid. Qualities can be relegated amid the statement or inside the constructor.
  • The case variables are unmistakable for all methods, constructors and scope in the class. Regularly, it is prescribed to make these variables private (access level). However perceivability for subclasses can be given with the utilization of accessmodifiers for these variables.
  • Instance variables can be gotten to by calling the variable name inside the class.  The following statement can be used for this purpose:

Sample Implementation:


public class Employeerecord{

public String empname;

private double empcompensation;

public Employee (String name){

empname = name;


public void initsalary(double empsalary){

empcompensation = empsalary;


public void printemployee(){

System.out.println(“Employee name : ” + empname );

System.out.println(“Employee salary :” + empcompensation);


public static void main(string args[]){

Employeerecord employee1 = new Employeerecord(“Mary”);




The compilation and execution would deliver the accompanying result:

Employee name : Mary
Employee compensation :7500.0