Step 1 – Insert USB and Identify Volume
$ df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda1 28G 24G 2.3G 92% / udev 1.4G 12K 1.4G 1% /dev tmpfs 277M 1.2M 276M 1% /run none 5.0M 0 5.0M 0% /run/lock none 1.4G 34M 1.4G 3% /run/shm /dev/sdc1 14.8G 1.4G 13.4G 10% /media/admin Now, I have identified the drive /dev/sdc1, is my attached 16GB USB drive.
Step 2 – Format USB Drive in Linux
Whenever we attach a USB drive in Ubuntu, it automatically mounted to the system. We can not format any disk on Linux systems which are already mounted. So first un-mount /dev/sdc1 USB drive on your system.
$ sudo umount /dev/sdc1
Now, Use one of the following commands as per the file system you want. To format a USB drive, most of the users prefer VFAT and NTFS file systems because they can be easily used on the Windows operating system.
- Format with vFat File System
$ sudo mkfs.vfat /dev/sdc1
- Format with NTFS File System
$ sudo mkfs.ntfs /dev/sdc1
- Format with EXT4 File System
$ sudo mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdc1