adduser : Linux Command- Create New User account

What is adduser command?

  • In Linux, a ‘useradd‘ command is a low-level utility that is used for adding/creating user accounts in Linux and other Unix-like operating systems.
  • The ‘adduser‘ is much similar to useradd command, because it is just a symbolic link to it.
  • To create a new user account under any Linux distribution use command called useradd.
  • The system administrator is responsible for creating account. Login as root user (or use sudo command).

When we run ‘useradd‘ command in Linux terminal, it performs following major things:

  • It edits /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow, /etc/group and /etc/gshadow files for the newly created User account.
  • Creates and populate a home directory for the new user.
  • Sets permissions and ownerships to home directory.

Basic syntax of command adduser:

useradd [options] {username}

Note:- To run this command, you have to logged in as root user or you have the root user privileges.

Example of adduser command:

# useradd satya

Set user Password in Linux:

Without password user account will be in locked status. To unlock the account, you need to use above passwd command. Use passwd command to assign a password and set password aging guidelines.

Basic syntax of command adduser:

passwd {username}

Example of adduser command:

passwd satya

Now let see the complete example:

[root@test ~]# useradd satya

[root@test ~]# passwd satya
Changing password for user satya.
New UNIX password:
Retype new UNIX password:
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.



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Satya Prakash

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