Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Desktop Installation Guide

Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Desktop Installation Guide

Ubuntu 18.04 LTS – New Features:

Ubuntu 18.04 LTS has been released with a lot of new features and improvements, some of the important features are listed below:

  • Support and Updates of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS for next 5 Years (April 2023)
  • New latest and stable Linux Kernel version 4.15
  • Installer offer a new option of “minimal Installation”
  • Updated LibreOffice 6.0
  • The Bionic Beaver supports attractive and beautiful color emojis
  • 18.04 LTS also comes with a new Suru icon theme that will make your desktop much more colorful
  • Updated GNOME (3.28) desktop environment
  •  XORG is the new default display server and replaces Wayland
  • Fast and improved boot speed
  •  Along with other major improvements and bug fixes

Minimum System Requirement for Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Desktop)

  • 2 GB RAM
  • Dual Core Processor (2 GH)
  • 25 GB free Hard disk space
  • Installer Media (DVD or USB)
  • (optional) Internet Connectivity if you are planning to download third party software and updates during the installation

Step-by-Step Guide to Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Step 1)   Download Ubuntu 18.04 LTS ISO File

Please make sure you have the latest version of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, if not, please download the ISO file from the link here https://ubuntu.com/download/desktop

Since Ubuntu 18.04 LTS only comes in a 64-bit edition, so you can install it on a system that supports 64-bit architecture.

Step 2) Create a Bootable Disk

Once the ISO file is downloaded then next step is to burn the downloaded ISO image into the USB/DVD or flash drive to boot the computer from that drive.

Also make sure you change the boot sequence so that system boots using the bootable CD/DVD or flash drive.

Step 3) Boot from USB/DVD or Flash Drive

Once the system is booted using the bootable disk, you can see the following screen presented before you with options including “Try Ubuntu” and “Install Ubuntu”.

Screenshot from 2020-10-16 12-29-40

Even though when you click “Try Ubuntu” you can have a sneak peek into the 18.04 LTS without installing it in your system, our goal here is to install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS in your system. So click “Install Ubuntu” to continue with the installation process.

Step 4) Choose your Keyboard layout

Choose your favorite keyboard layout and click “Continue”. By default English (US) keyboard is selected and if you want to change, you can change here and click “Continue”,

Step 5) Preparing to Install Ubuntu and other Software

In the next, you’ll be provided following beneath options including:

  • Type of Installation: Normal Installation or Minimal installation, If you want a minimal installation then select second option otherwise go for the Normal Installation. In my case I am doing Normal Installation
  • Download Updates While Installing Ubuntu (select this option if your system has internet connectivity during installation)
  • Install third party software for graphics and Wi-Fi hardware, MP3 and additional media formats  Select this option if your system has internet connectivity)

click on “Continue” to proceed with installation

Step 6) Select the appropriate Installation Type

Next the installer presents you with the following installation options including:

  • Erase Disk and Install Ubuntu
  • Encrypt the new Ubuntu installation for security
  • Use LVM with the new Ubuntu installation
  • Something Else

Where,

Erase Disk and Install Ubuntu – Choose this option if your system is going to have only Ubuntu and erasing anything other than that is not a problem. This ensures a fresh copy of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS is installed in your system.

Encrypt the new Ubuntu installation for security – Choose this option if you are looking for extended security for your disks as your disks will be completely encrypted. If you are beginner, then it is better not to worry about this option.

Use LVM with the new Ubuntu installation – Choose this option if you want to use LVM based file systems.

Something Else – Choose this option if you are advanced user and you want to manually create your own partitions and want to install Ubuntu along with existing OS (May be Windows or other Linux Flavor)

Now, Choose “Erase Disk and Install Ubuntu” and Click on continue

Step 7) Select Your Time zone

Choose your favorite time zone and then click on “Continue”

Step 8) Provide your User Credentials

In the next screen you will be prompted to provide your user credentials. In this screen provide your name, computer name, username and the password to login into Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Click “Continue” to begin the installation process.

Step 9) Start Installing Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

The installation of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS starts now and will take around 5-10 mins depending on the speed of your  computer,

Step 10) Restart Your System

Once the installation is completed, remove the USB/DVD from the drive and Click “Restart Now” to restart your system.

Step:11) Login to Your Ubuntu 18.04 desktop

Once your system has been rebooted after the installation then you will get the beneath login screen, enter the User name and password that you have set during installation

Screenshot from 2020-10-16 12-36-55

 


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