- It is not a formal process
- It is led by the authors
- Author guide the participants through the document according to his or her thought process to achieve a common understanding and to gather feedback.
- Useful for the people if they are not from the software discipline, who are not used to or cannot easily understand software development process.
- Is especially useful for higher level documents like requirement specification, etc.
2. Technical review:
- It is less formal review
- It is led by the trained moderator but can also be led by a technical expert
- It is often performed as a peer review without management participation
- Defects are found by the experts (such as architects, designers, key users) who focus on the content of the document.
- In practice, technical reviews vary from quite informal to very formal
- It is the most formal review type
- It is led by the trained moderators
- During inspection the documents are prepared and checked thoroughly by the reviewers before the meeting
- It involves peers to examine the product
- A separate preparation is carried out during which the product is examined and the defects are found
- The defects found are documented in a logging list or issue log
- A formal follow-up is carried out by the moderator applying exit criteria