What after 10th Board Results
What after 10th?
What are the courses after 10th?
What to do after 10th?
Which stream and subjects to choose in 11th and 12th?
There are so many courses after 10th that could land you in your dream job. But how would you decide which one is the right course for you? This dilemma could make you go crazy! But hey, before we learn about all the exciting and futuristic courses after 10th, let’s look at how we can make the right career choice.
What After Class 10?
‘What do I do after Class 10? Which stream should I opt for? Should I go for Commerce with Maths? My parents want me to take up Science but my interest lies in Humanities; what should I do? If you are one of the lakhs of students who have received their Class 10 Board Results in the last few weeks, these would be some of the questions that would be haunting you right now. JagranJosh is here with all the answers: opportunities after taking Science, Commerce and Humanities, what would work best for you, expert advice from experienced career counsellors – we’ve got it all for you right here!
Opportunities Galore – Streams | Career Options | Jobs
The biggest decision post class 10 is picking the right stream. Picking the right stream is extremely important as everything that happens thereafter will depend on it. At times, students follow the herd mentality and pick the stream which their friends opt for or the one that their parents suggest. This is a wrong and dangerous practice and will lead to flawed career decisions. Many students pick the stream without actually understanding what lies in store for them after joining it. Therefore, proper understanding and knowledge of the stream you opt for and the future career options they offer, is very important. Following are the different streams that are available after Class 10.
1. Science – The Usual Favourite
Science is easily the most attractive stream and the one that almost every parent wants their child to opt for. The Science stream offers you many lucrative career options such as engineering, medical, IT and computer science and even research in a variety of domains. The biggest advantage of opting for science stream for Class 10 students is that it allows them to shift streams (Arts or Commerce) later on in their academic career. Simply put, a Science student can opt for any subject from Arts or Commerce stream, if they are not comfortable with courses or specialization offered in it at the graduation level. On the contrary, Arts or Commerce students do not enjoy this option and are not allowed to pick science subjects for under graduate courses.
As far as your Class 11th and 12th are concerned, you will have to deal with foundational science subjects i.e. Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics along with a few electives such as Computer Science, IT and Electronics. In addition to these, you will also have a compulsory language subject, depending upon the teaching medium you opt for. The teaching pedagogy will involve classroom teaching as well as practical training in laboratories. If you are interested in Engineering you can opt for PCM or Physics + Chemistry + Mathematics as core subjects, otherwise, you can pick PCMB or Physics + Chemistry + Mathematics + Biology, if medicine is the career that interests you.
2. Commerce – Best for Business
Commerce is the second most popular stream among the Class 10 students as a career choice. If numbers, finances and economics are your forte, you must opt for Commerce Stream. As far as future career options are concerned, Commerce stream can lead you to some of the most lucrative and high paying jobs such as Chartered Accountants, Company Secretaries, Accountants, Investment Banking and Financial Advisors; although you will have to opt for professional courses in these respective domains post your Class 12.
As a Commerce student, you will have Business Economics, Accountancy, Business Study and Business Law as your core subjects. In addition to this, you will also get foundational training in accounting, auditing, income tax, marketing and general business economics as part of the commerce stream. Just as the Science stream, students from Commerce also have a compulsory language subject.
3. Arts / Humanities – Off-beat & Exciting Options
Humanities or what is popularly known as the Arts stream is traditionally the least preferred option among Class 10 students but this perception is changing with time. Today, Arts stream has emerged as the widest study stream among all three, offering some interesting, off-beat and exciting career opportunities. Traditionally, the Arts stream was limited to students who were interested in academic research but this perception has changed in the last decade. Today, Arts students have a plethora of career options and most of them are equally lucrative and satisfying as the ones available through Science or Commerce streams. An Arts student can opt for career options like Journalism, Literature, Social Work, Teaching and many others.
As far as subjects are concerned, Arts students have a variety of subjects to choose from which include sociology, history, literature, psychology, political science, philosophy, economics etc. Along with one compulsory language option, Arts students also have the choice to opt for a second language as well.
4. Stream-Independent Career Options
In the last decade, India’s education sector has diversified, giving you many unique choices and options post Class 10. There are several short-term certification courses, diploma courses, vocational courses and even some professional courses that you can opt for after completing your Class 10. However, as a class 10 student, you might not be fully aware of all the opportunities that are on offer and the challenges that come along with them. Therefore, you must consult a career counsellor, who will help you understand all the aspects related to these new-age career options and help make an informed choice.
How to pick the right Career Option?
One of the common questions that cloud the minds of many parents as well as many students is – what are the options available after the 10th? If we go back a decade or two, when your parents were in your place, all they had to choose was between mathematics and biology.
This is not the case anymore as you will get to know more about after the 10th-course list mentioned in detail in this article. There are several options after 10th which could lead to many new and futuristic career choices. Awareness and knowledge about these new careers can be a deal maker. The main question is how to make the right choice? Proper career guidance makes you aware of all the options and helps you make the right choice in career selection.
Now that we have gone through why this decision is so important in your life and what each of the streams holds for you in future, it’s time for you to take the right decision. Still wondering how can you take such a major decision on your own? If yes, you are right in doing so! Deciding what to do after Class 10 is a crucial decision and should never be taken in haste. To simplify this process, you can follow a few simple guidelines that are provided below:
1. Assess Interests & Passion
Ever seen a working professional crib about their job or the daily grind? Trust me; you don’t want that once you start working. To avoid this, you must follow your interests and passions. And the first step in this process is identifying which subject, topic or career option excites you. You can do something for a lifetime and still be happy and satisfied with it, only if you truly enjoy it. Therefore, irrespective of which stream you pick, make sure that you find the subjects covered under it interesting.
2. Analyse your Strengths & Weaknesses
After assessing your interests, the second step for you is to assess your skills and abilities. If you choose a stream merely on the basis of your interest but do not have the right skills and abilities to deal with the subjects that it covers, it will pose a big problem in future. For instance, you might be interested in elementary science but the science subjects that are taught at Class 12 level are much detailed and difficult. Or if you are good with basic arithmetic and opt for PCM combo in Class 12 where Mathematics is of a much-advanced level, you will not be able to cope with it. Therefore, you must do a thorough analysis of your skills and abilities, determine your strengths and weaknesses and pick a stream that is in accordance with your strengths.
3. Identify the Right Career Choice
Once you start identifying the things that you are interested in or passionate about, you will realize that the list of long and varied. Not everything that you like or are interested in can be transformed into a great main-stream career choice. For instance, you might love kite flying and may be one of the best kite flyers in the school, but building a career in it that too a lucrative one, might not be a great idea. Therefore, you need to identify which of your interest areas can offer you good opportunities, in which you can build a lasting career. You can take help of professional career counsellors who can help you analyse your skills and help you choose the right career option.
4. Seek Help from Others
If even after the first three steps, if you still feel you are confused and undecided about the stream you should opt for after Class 10; consider getting the right exposure from a parent, professional counsellor or a senior. Today, there are many other career options and opportunities that await you post class 10, but you might be familiar with them. Professional counsellors or parents might be able to guide you in the right direction and help you make the right career choice.
Most Important Decision of Your Life
Deciding ‘what you are going to do after Class 10’ often turns out to be one of the most important decisions of your life. For the first time, you stand at a crossroad where the decision you make will have major implications on the rest of your life. If you are not clear about the career you want to build or do not have the necessary guidance, deciding what to do after Class 10 will surely be a daunting task. And if you make a wrong choice after Class 10, you will have to live with it for the rest of your life.
First Taste of Adulthood
This phase will also give you the first taste of adulthood and introduce you to a very important life skill i.e. Decision Making. As the term suggests, decision making is all about taking the right decision or making an informed choice, after evaluating all the pros and cons associated with it. And the career direction post class 10 is the first major decision that you will encounter in your life, but it will surely not be the last one. In fact, decision making is a sought-after skill for every career option and will matter the most once you enter the job market, irrespective of the industry or domain. Therefore, the sooner you learn the art and science of decision making based on logical reasoning, the better it will be for you. And career decision post class 10 is the right place to start this life learning.
Right to Choose
Until now, all the major life decision, even your own name was decided by your parents. Therefore, ‘What to do after Class 10?’ will the first major decision that you have to take in your life. And with so many career choices and opportunities before you, at first, you might feel intimidated by them. But, upon closer examination, you will understand that choices are good and they empower you to pick the career option that you think is the best for your future.
Let’s get the basic understanding of each of these streams:
Science stream in 11th and 12th class
After 10th, depending upon under which school board you are enrolling for class 11th and 12th, you can have several subjects to choose from:
Physical Science Subjects – Physics, Chemistry
Biological Science Subjects – Biology, Biotechnology, Agriculture, Food Science, Sports, Exercise & Health Science, etc.
Mathematical Science Subjects – Mathematics, Statistics
Other Science Subjects – Computer Science, Marine Science, Engineering Graphics, Informatics Practice, Electricity & Electronics, Engineering Science, Environmental Science, Geometrical & Building Drawing, Geometrical & Mechanical Drawing, Design Technology, Environmental Management, Home Science, etc.
Social Science Subjects – Economics
If you want you can opt to keep a Career-oriented subject like – Information Technology, Information & Communication Technology, Multimedia & Web Technology, Fashion Studies/ Fashion Design, Media Studies, Travel & Tourism, etc.
Arts and Humanities stream in 11th and 12th class
After 10th, depending upon under which school board you are enrolling, you can have several subjects to choose from:
Elective Indian Languages like Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Punjabi, Bengali, Odia, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Assamese, Urdu, Kashmiri, Manipuri, Mizo, Sanskrit, Nepali, Bodo, etc.
Elective Foreign Languages like English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Latin, Chinese, Japanese, Russian, Korean, Persian, Arabic, Portuguese, etc.
Arts and humanities subjects like – Psychology, Economics, Geography, Sociology, History, Philosophy, Political Science, Global Politics, Social and Cultural Anthropology, Home Science, etc.
Career-oriented subjects like – Computer Studies, Information Technology, Information & Communication Technology, Multimedia & Web Technology, Fashion Studies/ Fashion Design, Media Studies, Travel & Tourism, etc.
Mathematics, Statistics, Computer Science – some boards let you keep a Science subject along with other arts and humanities subjects
Fine art and performing art subjects like – Fine Art, Visual Art, Dance, Music, Film, Theatre, Carnatic Music, Hindustani Music, Western Music, etc.
Subject on religion like – Hinduism, Divinity, Islamic Study, etc.
Commerce / Business stream in 11th and 12th class
After 10th, commerce or business stream in class 11th and 12th offer several courses to choose from, depending upon under which school board you are enrolling:
Commerce and Business subjects like – Accountancy, Business Studies, Commerce, Economics, Economic Geography, Secretarial Practice, Entrepreneurship, etc.
Mathematics, Statistics, Computer Science – some boards let you keep a Science subject along with other commerce subjects.
Career-oriented subjects like – you may keep a subject like Computer Studies, Information Technology, Information & Communication Technology, Fashion Studies/ Fashion Design, Media Studies, Travel & Tourism, etc. along with your other Commerce and Business subjects.
Vocational stream in 11th and 12th class
After 10th, several boards offer vocational streams in class 11th and 12th to help you prepare for a job immediately after the completion of class 12th. You can choose two or more vocational subjects along with compulsory languages. Depending upon in which board you are enrolling into, your vocational subject choices could be:
- Accountancy and Taxation
- Air-conditioning and Refrigeration
- Auto Shop Repair and Practice
- Banking and Insurance
- Beauty and Wellness
- Business Administration
- Business Operations and Administration
- Capital Market Operations
- Civil Engineering Technician
- Clinical Biochemistry and Microbiology
- Computer Theory & System Analyst
- Construction Technology
- Cost Accounting Creche and Pre-school Management
- Database Management Applications
- Design and Innovation
- Electrical Appliances
- Electrical Machines
- Electrical Technology
- Electronics Technology
- Environment Education
- Exterior & Interior Design
- Fashion Design and Garment Technology
- Financial Accounting
- Financial Market Management
- Food and Beverage Services
- Food Nutrition and Dietetics
- Food Production
- Front Office Operations
- Garment Construction
- Geospatial Technology
- Graphic Design Technician
- Health and Beauty Studies
- Healthcare Science
- Hospitality Management
- Information Technology Insurance
- IT Application
- Library and Information Science
- Logistics Operations and Supply Chain Management
- MarketingMarketing and Salesmanship
- Mass Media Studies and Production
- Mechanical Engineering Technician
- Medical Diagnostics
- Music Production
- Office Procedures and Practice
- Office Secretaryship
- Offset Printing Technician
- Operations and Maintenance of Communication Devices
- Retail Operations
- Stenography and Computer Application
- Telecommunication & Electronic Technician
- Textile Design
- Transport Systems and Logistics Management
- Travel and Tourism
- Troubleshooting and Maintenance of Electronic Equipment
- Typography and Computer Application
- Web Applications
- X-Ray Technician
Top Courses after 10th class: Vocational Education Options
Do you want to leave school and instead opt for vocational training? Are you looking for career options after 10th? Read about after 10th courses list below and understand which ones could be the right for you:
Top 20 Polytechnic Diploma Courses in Engineering and Technical Fields
If you have studied Science and Mathematics in class 9 and 10, then you can sit for the polytechnic entrance examination in your state and secure a seat in a polytechnic. After a polytechnic diploma (3-year duration), you can get a job or you can opt for lateral entry into a 4-year B.E./B.Tech. course in Engineering (you can get admission to the 2nd year). Diplomas in these are considered the best course after the 10th.
The top 20 polytechnic diploma courses are:
- Computer Engineering
- Cyber Forensics & Information Security
- Digital Electronics
- Applied Electronics & Instrumentation
- Electrical & Electronics
- Biomedical Electronics
- Information Technology
- Mechanical Engineering
- Medical Electronics
- Power Electronics
- 3-D Animation & Graphics
- Apparel Design & Fashion Technology
- Chemical Technology
- Civil Engineering
- Civil Engineering (Environmental)
- Food Processing
- Water Technology
Top 10 ITI Certificate Courses (technical)
If you have studied Science and Mathematics in class 9 and 10, then you can enroll for an ITI Trade course in any of the following technical trades and obtain a certificate (2-year duration). ITI Certificate course is considered the best course after the 10th.
Top 10 of these are as follows:
- Computer Hardware & Network Maintenance
- Draughtsman (Civil)
- Electronic Mechanic
- Mechanic (Refrigeration and Air-Conditioner)
- Mechanic (Auto Electricals & Electronics)
- Mechanic (Mechatronics)
- Mechanic (Medical Electronics)
- Radiology Technician
Top 12 ITI Certificate Courses (non-technical)
If you have not studied Science and Mathematics in class 9 and 10 or studied any subjects, then you can enroll for an ITI Trade courses in any of the following non-technical trades and obtain a certificate (1-2 year duration):
- Baker & Confectioner
- Computer Operator & Programming Assistant
- Food & Beverage Services
- Food Production
- Hair & Skin Care
- Multimedia, Animation, Special Effects
- Travel Tour Assistant
- Old Age Care
- Spa Therapy
- Top 6 Diploma Courses in Vocational Training
Instead of opting for a polytechnic diploma or an ITI certificate course, you may also opt for a 3-year D.Voc. (Diploma in Vocation) course under the NSQF (National Skill Qualification Framework) training program. A degree in vocational training is considered to be the best course after the 10th. The top 6 of these are:
- Software Development
- Graphics & Multimedia
- Travel & Tourism
- Refrigeration & Air-Conditioning
- Medical Imaging
Top 10 Skill Training Programs and courses after 10th
After 10th, you may also opt for a skill training program in a community college and NSDC approved training centre for career options after 10th. Some of the options are:
- Beauty Therapist
- Food processing
- Gems & Jewellery
- Mobile Phone Technician
- Organic Grower
- Sales Executive
- Software Development
- Solar Photovoltaic System Installer
Choosing a good course from the above list of courses after 10th can be intimidating. Remember the solution we came up within the beginning of this article? Well, it is time to take a call and make the right career choice. Find out how career guidance and expert career planners can help you make selecting courses after 10th class easy for you.