As the name suggests the ‘Control Instructions’ enable us to specify the order in which the various instructions in a program are to be executed by the computer. In other words the control instructions determine the ‘flow of control’ in a program. There are four types of control instructions in C. They are:
- Sequence Control Instruction
- Selection or Decision Control Instruction
- Repetition or Loop Control Instruction
- Case Control Instruction
The Sequence control instruction ensures that the instructions are executed in the same order in which they appear in the program. Decision and Case control instructions allow the computer to take a decision as to which instruction is to be executed next. The Loop control instruction helps computer to execute a group of statements repeatedly.
- 50The programs that we have learned/developed in this tutorial so far used either a sequential or a decision control instruction. In the first one, the calculations were carried out in a fixed order, while in the second, an appropriate set of instructions were executed depending upon the outcome of the condition…
- 37For loop is probably the most popular looping instruction. The for allows us to specify three things about a loop in a single line: Setting a loop counter to an initial value. Testing the loop counter to determine whether its value has reached the number of repetitions desired. Increasing the value of…